In addition to the coronavirus pandemic, 2020 may well be remembered for its vibrant and diverse protests around the world from the United States to Belarus to Hong Kong to Thailand. These protests have ranged from protests for racial justice to pro-democracy protests to anti-lockdown protests. The last time such massive protests swept around the world was 2011.

2011 was a year remembered in the social movement literature as a protest-filled year in large part because of the Arab Spring. Pro-democracy and anti-authoritarian protests spread throughout the Middle East after Mohamed Bouazizi, a fruit vendor in Tunisia, set himself on fire in front of a…